The crater in the Ngorongoro Conservation Area is the world’s largest unbroken, unflooded volcanic caldera.
The Crater, which formed when a giant volcano exploded and collapsed on itself some two to three million years ago,
is 610m deep and the floor is 260km2 (102 square miles).
Estimates of the height of the original volcano range from fifteen to nineteen thousand feet high.
A population of approximately 25,000 large animals
along with the highest density of mammalian predators in Africa, lives in the crater.
Olduvai Gorge, situated in the plains area, is considered the seat of humanity
after the discovery of the earliest known specimens of modern humans.
Hominid species have occupied the area for 3 million years.
The Olduvai Gorge is a steep-sided ravine and is about thirty miles long.
It is one of the most important prehistoric sites in the world and research there
has been instrumental in furthering understanding of early human evolution.
Excavation work there was pioneered by Mary and Louis Leakey in the 1930s and is continued today by their family.