Japan comprises over 3,000 islands making it an archipelago. Most of the islands are mountainous, many volcanic; for example, Japan’s highest peak, Mount Fuji, is a volcano. The country has one of the most efficient railroad systems in the world and a tourist is wise to buy a rail pass and travel the length of this contradictory nation, from steaming volcanoes to snow-capped mountains to rural farms among countless temples. From exquisite and refined art and architecture to highly advanced technology to the brutal violence of it past, this country is a complex adventure.

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