Compiled by Richard Ammon GlobalGayz.com February 2012 Introduction Any thoughtful study of African homosexuality should start with the well-researched book by Steven Murray and Will Roscoe titled “Boy Wives and Female Husbands: A Studies of African Homosexualities” published in 1998. It is the first work of its kind on the subject of African sexuality offering
Togo’s small sub-Saharan economy is heavily dependent on both commercial and subsistence agriculture, which provides employment for 65% of the labor force. Cotton, coffee, and cocoa together generate about 30% of export earnings. Togo is self-sufficient in basic food goods when harvests are normal, with occasional regional supply difficulties.
Eyadema Gnassingbe died in early 2005 after thirty-eight years in power, as Africa’s longest-sitting dictator. The military’s immediate but short-lived installation of his son, Faure Gnassingbé, as president provoked widespread international condemnation.
Homosexuality is religiously acceptable in Voodoo practices and homosexuals are allowed to participate in all religious activities. However, in countries with large Voodoo populations (such as Benin, Togo or Haiti), some Christian influence may have given homosexuality a social stigma at least on some levels of society. Accoring to the laws of the state homosexual acts are illegal and are often prosecuted as rape or assault, punishable with fines and up to 3 years’ imprisonment and a fine of 100,000 to 500,000 CFA francs.
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