The Gambia is the smallest country on the African continental mainland. Flowing through the centre of the country and emptying into the Atlantic Ocean is the Gambia River. On 18 February 1965, The Gambia was granted independence from the United Kingdom. The Gambia has a liberal, market-based economy characterized by traditional subsistence agriculture, a historic reliance on groundnuts (peanuts) for export earnings, a re-export trade built up around its ocean port, low import duties, minimal administrative procedures, a fluctuating exchange rate with no exchange controls, and a significant tourism industry. According to the criminal code from 1965 homosexuality is an "unnatural offense" and is illegal. A prison sentence for perpetrators can be for up to 7 years. Gambia's military ruler said in May 2008 that stricter laws against homosexuals would soon be introduced.
- Gay Life in Gambia, 2012/Feb/19