Kokand is a city in Fergana Province in eastern Uzbekistan with a population of about 200,000.
It is on the crossroads of ancient trade routes and has existed since at least the 10th century. It was frequently mentioned in traveler’s accounts of the caravan routes between India and China.
The present city began as a fort in 1732. In 1740 and became the capital of an Uzbek kingdom, the Khanate of Kokand boasting more than 300 mosques. Russian imperial forces captured the city in 1883 which then became part of Russian Turkistan.