Siwa Oasis town is isolated 350 miles west of Cairo and is home to the ancient Temple of Ammon (Amun)
where Alexander the Great came in 331 BC to consult the oracle.
The other main ruin, the 13c mud brick Shali fortress, is in the town center.
Today the town (23,000 people) is a picturesque oasis of recent hotels, donkey carts and Berber traditions.
Agriculture is the main activity, mostly dates and olives, supplemented by handicrafts.