Japan comprises over 3,000 islands making it an archipelago. Most of the islands are mountainous, many volcanic; for example, Japan’s highest peak, Mount Fuji, is a volcano. Japan has the world’s tenth largest population, with about 128 million people. The Greater Tokyo Area is the largest metropolitan area in the world, with over 30 million residents. The country has one of the most efficient railroad systems in the world and a tourist is wise to buy a rail pass and travel the length of this contradictory nation. From exquisite and refined art and architecture to highly advanced technology to the brutal violence of it past, this country is a complex adventure.

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