Aswan is a city in the south of Egypt (see Gallery), the capital of the Aswan Governorate (pop.1.2 million) and the 3rd largest city in Egypt.
The stone quarries of ancient Egypt located here were celebrated for the granitic rock called Syenite that furnished the colossal statues, obelisks, and monolithal shrines that are found throughout Egypt, including the pyramids.
Philae is an island in the Nile River and the previous site of an Ancient Egyptian temple complex in southern Egypt.
The complex is now located on the nearby island of Agilika.
Two dams straddle the river at this point: the newer Aswan High Dam and the older Aswan Low Dam.
The magnificent Nubian the city was opened in 1997.