Belfast is the seat of government in Northern Ireland. It is the largest urban area in Northern Ireland
and the province of Ulster and the second-largest city in Ireland after Dublin.
The city suffered disruption, conflict, and destruction during ‘The Troubles’, but since has undergone a period of calmness and growth.
The Troubles was a period of conflict involving republican and loyalist paramilitary organisations, political activist and civil rights groups, the Royal Ulster Constabulary (RUC), the British Army and others in Northern Ireland from the late 1960s until the conclusion of the "peace process" in the late 1990s, which culminated in the Belfast Agreement of 10 April 1998. In Belfast there are numerous reminders of this ‘civil war’.
Between 1969 and 2001, 3,523 people were killed as a result of the Troubles.