Alexandria  was founded by Alexander the Great around 331 BC.
It was developed into a world class city by Ptolemy and his successors
from 323-31 BC and included the greatest library of antiquity (now replaced by the stunning new Bibliotheca Alexandrina).
The last Ptolemaic ruler was Cleopatra VII, who partnered wirh Julius Caesar and later Marc Antony.
She took her own life in 31 BC rather than be captured by invading Roman armies.
With a modern population of 4.1 million, is the second-largest city in Egypt,
and is the country’s largest seaport.