The 2011–2012 Bahraini uprising, sometimes called the February 14 Revolution was a sustained campaign of civil resistance. As part of the revolutionary wave of protests in the Middle East and North Africa, the Bahraini protests were initially aimed at achieving greater political freedom and equality for the majority Shia population and expanded to a call to end the monarchy of King Hamad following a deadly night raid on 17 February 2011 against protesters at the Pearl Roundabout in Manama, known as Bloody Thursday.
Protesters in Manama camped out for days at the Pearl Roundabout, which functioned as the centre point of protests there. After a month, the government requested troops and police from the Saudi Arabia and UAE.
The response has been described as a "brutal". The police carried out midnight house raids in Shia neighborhoods, beatings at checkpoints, and denial of medical care in a campaign of intimidation. More than 2,929 people have been arrested.